Today in History: ANC unbanned, US-Cuba tensions hit ceiling

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Today in History: ANC unbanned, US-Cuba tensions hit ceiling
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February 7, 1990:

In a significant political move, Transkei leader Gen. Bantu Holomisa announces the unbanning of several political organizations, including the African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP), allowing them to resume political activities in Transkei. Additionally, Holomisa announces the release of several political prisoners, marking a pivotal moment in South Africa's transition to democracy.

February 7, 1901:

Britain sends an additional 30,000 troops to South Africa during the Anglo-Boer War, expecting a swift victory. However, the conflict lasts for four years, as the Boers demonstrate resilience in defending their autonomy against British encroachment.

1912:

The Usambara Railway is officially dedicated in German East Africa (Tanzania), connecting the port of Tangara with Lake Ukerewe. This railway plays a crucial role in transportation and commerce, linking the Indian Ocean to inland regions.

1881:

General Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes establishes his headquarters at Kita, French Sudan (Mali), as part of French efforts to conquer West Africa. Despite disregarding orders from superiors and displaying violence towards Africans, Desbordes is rewarded with promotions for his successful military conquests.

1962:

President John F. Kennedy announces a full embargo on trade with Cuba, escalating tensions between the United States and the Castro regime. This embargo profoundly impacts Cuba's economy and marks a significant chapter in U.S.-Cuban relations.

European Union Treaty Signed:

After centuries of conflict, Western European nations sign the Maastricht Treaty, laying the foundation for the European Union. The treaty calls for greater economic integration, common foreign policies, and cooperation on various issues, leading to the eventual establishment of a single European currency, the euro.which was officially introduced into circulation on January 1st 2002

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