IGAD capable of bringing lasting peace – Analysts

East Africa
IGAD capable of bringing lasting peace – Analysts
President Museveni hosts regional leaders in town for the Extraordinary IGAD assembly

International law and security analysts have expressed optimism regarding the Intergovernmental Authority on Development's (IGAD) ability to bring lasting peace to the Horn of Africa, Nile Valley, and Great Lakes region. This sentiment follows the 42nd extraordinary session held at State House yesterday.

Dr. Daniel Ruhweza, a lecturer in international and treaty law, emphasized the binding nature of resolutions passed at such summits under international law.

Historically rooted grievances and territorial disputes have long plagued relations between Somalia and Ethiopia, exemplified by the recent Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between Somaliland and Ethiopia for access to the port of Berbera, which Somalia views as a blatant disregard for its territorial integrity.

Meanwhile, the war in Sudan continues to escalate, with devastating consequences. Millions of properties have been destroyed and tens of thousands of are in danger of death due to hunger and malnutrition.

Heads of state from across the region convened at State House in Entebbe to address these crises.

President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda declared, "These unjust wars must cease immediately."

Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of Djibouti and Chair of IGAD, urged, "Such challenges demand bold leadership and a willingness to resolve issues through dialogue."

In a chorus of condemnation, the African Union, European Union, Arab League, and numerous countries joined in denouncing Ethiopia's alleged disregard for Somalia's territorial integrity.

Ali Hammer, US Special Envoy to the Horn of Africa, stated, "The US strongly recognizes the territorial integrity of Somalia."

A joint communique issued to the media outlined IGAD's resolutions and recommendations for conflict resolution.

Simon Mulongo, a regional security expert, expressed confidence, "With overwhelming international support, I can assure you that these conflicts will be resolved. IGAD played a crucial role in Somalia before AMISOM, and it's far from a toothless organization."

Dr. Ruhweza concluded, "When states engage in dialogue, there's hope for a solution. That's what the region wants, and what Africa needs."

Addis Ababa has yet to respond to the widespread condemnation it has received.

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